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These chromosomes look like little socks… the extra one’s an odd sock!

Updated: Mar 20, 2022



Photo credit: Mencap

10 Interesting Facts about Down Syndrome


March 21st sees World Down Syndrome Day; our next opportunity to Rock our Socks for learning disability research and resources.

So, what is Down Syndrome? Ho does it affect individuals? What support is available to people with Down Syndrome? And perhaps most importantly, how does it link to odd socks?

These 10 facts may answer your questions:


1. Down Syndrome is the most common chromosomal disorder. It is caused by an extra chromosome 21 in each of the body’s cells. Under a microscope, each pair of chromosomes resembles a little pair of socks; therefore pair number 21 has an additional odd sock!


2. There are 3 types of Down Syndrome: Trisomy 21, Mosaic Down Syndrome and Translocation. Each of these is caused by a slightly different type of cell division or mutation


3. Individuals who have Down Syndrome prefer person-centred language, wishing to be referred to as a “person with Down Syndrome”. This recognises individuality, their identity as a person first, and is perceived as non-judgemental


4. Approximately 750 babies are born in the UK with Down Syndrome each year


5. Common physical characteristics of Down Syndrome can include: low muscle tone, a single crease across the palm of the hand and a slightly flattened facial profile


6. Health conditions commonly associated with Down Syndrome include heart problems and sensory difficulties. A weakened immune system may increase likelihood of infection in individuals with Down Syndrome


7. A person with Down Syndrome will have some level of learning disability; but the level of this will be different for each individual. Children will reach developmental milestones at their own pace, particularly motor skills and language development


8. People with Down Syndrome generally relate well to familiarity and thrive with routine


9. The life expectancy for people with Down Syndrome is continually rising. The average is currently between 60-70 years


10. For additional information, advice and support you can contact the Down Syndrome Association or Positive about Down Syndrome


For further information on training available in Learning Disability, please check out the course listing on the website whilst you’re here. Alternatively, please feel free to get in touch, nicola@montgomerysimpsoncaretraining.com.

Let’s talk about what you need and come up with a plan!



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